This Day in History: September 27
Unlike the previous two days, we don’t have a “major event” for September 27 to write an article about. Still, a number of important things happened on this day throughout American history, so here is the list of the most notable September 27th events:
1722 - Samuel Adams is born in Boston. He was an American revolutionary patriot and statesman who helped to organize the Boston Tea Party.
Adams was brought up in a religious and politically active family. A graduate of Harvard College, he was an unsuccessful businessman and tax collector before concentrating on politics. He was an influential official of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and the Boston Town Meeting in the 1760s, and he became a part of a movement opposed to the British Parliament's efforts to tax the British American colonies without their consent. His 1768 Massachusetts Circular Letter calling for colonial non-cooperation prompted the occupation of Boston by British soldiers, eventually resulting in the Boston Massacre of 1770. Adams and his colleagues devised a committee of correspondence system in 1772 to help coordinate resistance to what he saw as the British government's attempts to violate the British Constitution at the expense of the colonies, which linked like-minded Patriots throughout the Thirteen Colonies. Continued resistance to British policy resulted in the 1773 Boston Tea Party and the coming of the American Revolution.
1840 - Thomas Nast, caricaturist, creator of the Democratic donkey and the Republican elephant, is born.
Nast was born in military barracks in Landau, Germany (now in Rhineland-Palatinate), as his father was a trombonist in the Bavarian 9th regiment band and attended school in New York City from the age of six to 14. He did poorly at his lessons, but his passion for drawing was apparent from an early age.
During his career he invented and popularized the current symbols of Democratic and Republican parties through his artwork. Nast was associated with the magazine Harper's Weekly from 1859 to 1860 and from 1862 until 1886.
Alfred T. Mahan, navy admiral who wrote The Influence of Seapower on History and other books that encouraged world leaders to build larger navies, was also born on this day in the same year.
1864 - Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson and his henchmen, including a teenage Jesse James, massacre more than 20 unarmed Union soldiers at Centralia, Missouri. The event becomes known as the Centralia Massacre.
At 9:00 a.m. on September 27, Anderson with about 80 guerrillas, some dressed in stolen Union Army uniforms, moved into Centralia to cut the North Missouri Railroad. The guerrillas looted the town and reportedly drank whiskey from stolen boots. Anderson blocked the rail line, and the engineer of an approaching train failed to realize it until too late since the men he saw were wearing blue uniforms. The guerrillas swarmed over the train. The 125 passengers were divided between civilians and soldiers. A total of 23 Union soldiers were aboard, all on leave after the Battle of Atlanta and heading to their homes in northwest Missouri or southwest Iowa. All of them were later killed by Bloody Bill Anderson and his people.
1918 - President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I.
By that time America had already been fully enrolled in WWI. We’ve already written an article on the exceptional American war hero of that time, John Pershing. There is no doubt the Woodrow Wilson’s decision to initiate this campaign was a great support for the U.S. troops fighting in Europe, since the Victory was achieved in just a month and a half.
1964 - The Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, issues its report, stating its conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole gunman.
The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission, was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson through Executive Order 11130 on November 29, 1963 to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963. The U.S. Congress passed Senate Joint Resolution 137 authorizing the Presidential appointed Commission to report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, mandating the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence. Its 888-page final report was presented to President Johnson on September 24, 1964 and made public three days later. It concluded that President Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and that Oswald acted entirely alone. It also concluded that Jack Ruby also acted alone when he killed Oswald two days later. The Commission's findings have proven controversial and have been both challenged and supported by later studies. Yet, even nowadays, the results of Warren Commission investigation are widely discussed.
So these were the most notable events in U.S. history which happened on September 27, at least in our opinion.