This Day in History: What Happened on September 28?
1863 – General William Rosecrans of the Union Army blames the defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga on two of his subordinate generals. They were later exonerated by a court of inquiry.
The Battle of Chickamauga was fought for a week and a half, from September 18 to 20, 1863, between U.S. and Confederate forces in the American Civil War. The battle marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia, also known as the Chickamauga Campaign. It was the first major battle of the Civil War fought in the state of Georgia, and the most tangible Union loss in the Western Theater. The only battle of the war with the higher number of casualties for both sides was the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1 – 3, 1863) with at least 35 thousand fallen soldiers in terms of killed, wounded and missing in action.
1901 – Ed Sullivan, iconic American TV Host born this day.
Sullivan is primarily remembered as the creator and host of the television variety program “The Toast of the Town”, later renamed “The Ed Sullivan Show”. The show aired for 23 years, from 1948 to 1971, which set the record as the longest-running variety show in U.S. TV history. Sullivan died in 1974.
"It was, by almost any measure, the last great TV show. It's one of our fondest, dearest pop culture memories…" - said television critic David Hinckley.
1912 – “Memphis Blues” by “The Father of Blues” W.C. Handy is issued
An a song of seminal importance to blues history, “Memphis Blues” was described by its creator W.C. Handy as a “southern rag”. The first recorded edition of the song by Handy was instrumental. Handy sold it to music publisher Theron Bennett, who went to New York in an attempt to promote it. Bennett convinced George "Honey Boy" Evans to use it for his "Honey Boy" Minstrels, which made this song famous. Handy later claimed he had been robbed.
1913 - Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi leads to the death 10 people.
“At least ten people were killed and a further forty injured during serious race riots at Harriston, Mississippi yesterday. Reports claim that the rioting started after a white man was killed by a stray bullet fired during a fight between two groups of black men. The black men were then pursued through the town, captured and hanged. Their bodies were suspended from lampposts in front of the train station in the town. That evening saw further rioting in the town and quiet was restored only after troops from the National Guard were ordered onto the streets and martial law declared…”
Century Ireland reported these words 105 years ago, covering yet another episode of bloody struggle between Whites and the Blacks in the American South. This wasn’t the bloodiest riot nor would it be the last. Still, the Harriston race riot remains today an historic example of the tension and brutality in racial relations at that time in America.