October 1: Brigham Young Arrested, William Boeing’s Birthday, and Las Vegas Shooting
A number of interesting events happened on October 1 in U.S. history. Here is our sample of the most valuable of them.
1871 – Mormon leader Brigham Young arrested for polygamy
For many years until 1890, polygamy was completely legal for the clergy and ordinary believers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Yet, in the beginning of the 1870’s, right after the end of the Civil War, when the centralized government started bringing order to the “frontier” territories, which Utah certainly was at that time, many Mormons got into trouble, being accused of polygamy.
Brigham Young, the founder of the future capital of the state of Utah (recognized as a state in 1896), Salt Lake City, had 55 wives and 57 children. Some researchers believe, however, that not all of the 55 marriages were conjugal. Fifteen years before his arrest and formal accusations of polygamy, Brigham Young built the Lion House to accommodate his large family. This building remains a Salt Lake City landmark, together with the Beehive House, another Young family home.
As one of Young’s contemporaries wrote: “It was amusing to walk by Brigham Young’s big house, a long rambling building with innumerable doors. Each wife has an establishment of her own, consisting of parlor, bedroom, and a front door, the key of which she keeps in her pocket.”
Arresting Brigham Young, the U.S. government showed it wouldn’t tolerate such a brutal and “medieval” practice as polygamy on the territory of the country anymore.
1881 – William Boeing is born
“The man and the airplane,” aviation pioneer, and the founder of one of the mightiest aircraft manufacturing companies was born in Detroit, Michigan to Marie M. Ortmann, from Vienna, Austria, and Wilhelm Boing (1846–1890) from Hagen-Hohenlimburg, Germany.
Boeing lost his father, who died of influenza, when he was eight, and his mother soon remarried. William spent his early years in Switzerland, where he attended school, but later returned to the U.S., anglicized his name and went to Yale University, which he left shortly before graduation in order to get into the lumber business.
In 1916, he founded the Pacific Aero Products Co. together with his business partner George Conrad Westervelt. Shortly after America entered WWI in the beginning of April 1917, Boeing changed the name from Pacific Aero Products Co. to Boeing Airplane Company and got an order from the U.S. Navy for fifty planes. Closer to the end of the war, Boeing began concentrating on commercial and passenger aircrafts.
Today, the Boeing Company is one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world and the largest exporter in the U.S. by dollar value.
2017 – The Las Vegas shooting
The deadliest mass shooting committed by an individual in U.S. history occurred a year ago today. The gunman, Stephen Paddock, opened fire on a crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest Music Festival on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, resulting in 59 dead and 851 wounded.
Paddock used 24 firearms, including fourteen AR-15-type rifles, to carry out the mass shooting.
The shooting prompted support in the U.S. Congress for assault weapons legislation that would ban bump stocks.
The National Rifle Association (NRA) came out in favor of administrative bump fire stock regulations. Many Congressional Democrats and some Republicans expressed their support for a prohibition of bump fire stocks as a result of this tragedy.