October 3: The Day of “Black Hawks”, Thanksgiving Established and Other Events of the U.S. History
A number of interesting events happened on October 3 in the U.S. History. Here is our version of the most valuable of them.
1838 – The death of Sauk American Indian warrior and band leader “Black Hawk”
“Black Hawk” was born Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak in 1767, and was also known as “Black Sparrow”.
During the War of 1812 he sided with the British Army in hope to get the Indian territories back to the tribe, but didn’t succeed. “Black Hawk” also entered the history as the author of the first Native American autobiography.
One of the heroes of The Black Hawk War of 1832 (fought in Illinois and Michigan territories), Sauk chief and leader, who had been known for his courage and bravery after he crossed the Mississippi River with a band of only 1500 warriors – which is often referred as “British Band” - from Iowa Indian Territory to struggle against the regular U.S. Army (with no less than 6 thousand soldiers deployed) in the region of the Great Lakes, he passed away six year after it on this day.
1863 – President Abraham Lincoln declares the last Thursday of November to be Thanksgiving Day
The event that Americans commonly call the "First Thanksgiving" was celebrated by the Pilgrims after their first harvest in the New World in October 1621, yet, before 1863 Thanksgiving hadn’t been celebrated as a federal holiday in the U.S.
1919 – Adolfo Luque, a pitcher from Cincinnati Reds, becomes the first Latin player of the World Series
Luque made his debut with the Boston Braves in 1914. In 1918, he was traded to the Cincinnati Reds, where he had played for the next 12 seasons. In the World Series of 1919, he appeared in two games as a relief pitcher and got his first title as the World Series champion.
Luque also played for the Brooklyn Robins/Dodgers from for two seasons (1930 and 1931), as well as with the New York Giants from 1932 to 1935. He was with the Giants in the 1933 World Series, and, pitching in relief, won the 5th and final game over the Washington Senators so to become twice a champion of the Series. He ended his career with a record of 194–179 and a 3.24 ERA.
1993 – “The Black Hawk Down”. The Battle of Mogadishu is fought
One of the most notorious the U.S. ever fought abroad was actually fought for two days – till October 4, 1993.
The initial U.S. Joint Special Operations force, Task Force Ranger, was a mix of various elite American Special Forces units from Army Special Operations Command, Air Force Special Operations Command and Navy Special Warfare Command. However, the most active part of this force consisted of the warriors of the 75th Ranger Regiment and Delta Force.
Task Force Ranger was dispatched to seize two of Aidid's (the self-proclaimed president of the Civil War torn Somalia) high-echelon attorneys during a meeting in the capital of the country, Mogadishu. Despite the goal of the operation was achieved, and the “targets” were captured, the situation went really bad for the Americans, which resulted in the horrible and deadly Battle of Mogadishu.
The aftermath of the battle was beyond any reasonable sacrifice as the joint force lost 19 killed and 73 wounded. No less than 500 Somalians, including the civilians, were killed in two days at the same time, at least 800 – were wounded.
The Pyrrhic tactical U.S. (and the U.N. forces) victory didn’t lead to the strategic victory, so the Americans had to withdraw from Somalia a year after.
The details of this operation were amazingly depicted in Ridley Scott’s twice Academy Awards winning movie “Black Hawk Down” (2001).
So these were the most notable events in U.S. history which happened on October 3, at least in our opinion.