October 4: The Battle of Germantown Fought, Loomis Fargo Bank Robbery Occurs, Wikileaks Launched
1777 – American Revolutionary War. The Battle of Germantown is fought
The Philadelphia Campaign, within which the Battle of Germantown took place, turned out to be a true disaster for American forces. Its major event, the Battle of Germantown was fought between the forces of the British Army under the command of Sir William Hove and the Continental Army led by George Washington and some other generals.
A heavy fog above the battlefield caused much confusion among the approaching Americans. After a sharp contest, Sullivan's regiment traced the British pickets. Under the cover of the fog, around 120 men of the British 40th Foot barricaded the Chew Mansion, and when the American reserve moved forward, Washington made the fatal decision to assault this position. Several failed attempts led to heavy casualties among the American units.
Penetrating few hundred yards beyond the mansion, Sullivan's wing became dispirited, ran out of ammunition and was shelled by cannons from behind. As they withdrew, Anthony Wayne's unit collided with part of Greene's wing in the fog that had arrived late due to weather. Friendly-fire was opened, forcing both units to retreat. At the same time, Greene's left-center column threw the British right flank; unfortunately for the Americans, as Sullivan's column repulsed, the British left one outflanked Greene's column and surrounded it.
As a result, the Continental Army under the command of George Washington lost not only the battlefield, but 152 were killed, 521 were wounded and 438 were captured, while the Brits lost only 71, with 448 wounded and 14 missing.
1997 - The Loomis Fargo Bank robbery occurs
This heist entered U.S. history as the second-largest cash robbery, as the burglars stole about $17.3 million in cash from the Charlotte, North Carolina regional office vault of Loomis, Fargo & Co. on the evening of this date back in 1997.
The crime was committed by vault supervisor David Scott Ghantt, his girlfriend and a former Loomis co-worker Kelly Campbell, Steve Chambers and his wife Michelle Chambers, Michael Gobbies, and four others.
The FBI-led investigation resulted in eight people directly connected to the robbery being convicted and sentenced to prison, as well as sixteen of their helpers. 88 % of the stolen money was later recovered.
2006 – WikiLeaks is launched
WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organization whose aim is to publish secret and “well-hidden” information, news leaks, and other materials classified in such ways by anonymous sources. Its website, despite being desperately fought against since its humble beginning, claims a database of 10 million documents as of 2016.
Among the most notable “leaks” published are equipment expenditures in the Afghanistan War, a corruption investigation in Kenya, and the documents on Baghdad Strike during which many Iraqi journalists died etc.
Julian Assange, the founder of the resource, has been tackled with phony accusations of various kinds for years; nonetheless WikiLeaks is still alive and working.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that happened on October 4, at least in our view.