This Weekend in U.S. History, October 6-7
A number of interesting events took place on October, 6th and 7th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
October 6, 1777 – The Battles of Forts Clinton and Montgomery are fought
No, this definitely has absolutely nothing to do with either Hillary, or her husband, Bill, since this was just a straightforward series of battles fought during the Revolutionary War. The interesting thing though, is not only the fort, but also the commanders of the opposing sides, who both held the same last names: George and James Clinton led the American forces, while Sir Henry Clinton – commanded over the Brits. Geographically, Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery were located not so far from West Point, New York.
The Brits outnumbered the Americans by more than three times (2100 against 600), so despite all the bravery and courage shown by the Rebels, the battles were pretty brief: both fortifications were overrun within an hour, so the wounded American General James Clinton retreated with his men through Popolopen Gorge. The destiny of the forts captured was tragic: both Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery were razed by the British, and the iron chain they defended was dismantled. Americans installed another Hudson River Chain farther upriver in a desperate attempt to stop the British advance, and later – succeeded in doing so.
October 7, 1777 – The Second battle of Saratoga is fought
Almost at the same time as the demolition of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, the next day, the wide-scale and bloody second battle of Saratoga was fought. This clash was the continuation of the military actions which took place in the middle of September during the First battle of Saratoga. And if the first battle (also often referred as “Freeman’s Farm battle”) resulted in a pyrrhic British victory, the second one (also known as “The Bemis Heights battle”) led to a decisive American victory. In total, during both Saratoga battles the Americans lost 90 soldiers killed and 240 wounded. The British losses were much higher: 440 killed, 695 wounded and no less than 6200 soldiers captured.
Both battles were parts of the Saratoga campaign and took place in Vermont. This campaign is characterized as a British attempt to gain military control over the Hudson River valley, which was strategically important. After the Second Battle of Saratoga was fought, the Campaign ended in the surrender of the British army. According to the words of a historian Edmund Morgan, "this was a great turning point of the war, because it won for Americans the foreign assistance which was the last element needed for victory."
October 7, 1916 - The Cumberland Bulldogs vs. Georgia Tech Engineers football game
Why should we pay attention to this, at first glance, ordinary college football game? The reason is pretty plain: the game was the most lopsided game in the history of American college football with The Engineers winning with a tremendous score of 222-0. The game was played at Grant Field, which is now a part of Bobby Dodd Stadium in Atlanta.
Since the end of the Second World War, only a handful of schools have topped 100 points in a college football game. The modern-era record for most points scored against a college opponent is 106 by Fort Valley State of Georgia against Knoxville College in 1969.
October 7, 2003 – The California gubernatorial recall election
The first gubernatorial recall election in Californian history led to the victory of a Republican candidate, a notable Hollywood star, “Terminator” and bodybuilder Arnold Schwarzenegger (who was in the office from November 17, 2003 until January 3, 2011), who won over the Democratic candidate Cruz Bustamante and another representative of the Republican Party, Tom McClintock, with a result of 48.6 % of all votes received.
The recall election was assigned, since the previous California Governor Gray Davis was accused of corruption on the wave of the California electricity crisis of the beginning of the millennium.
The victory of a Republican in a traditionally Democratic state, which California had always been, was quite a surprise for many political analysts, yet, everybody understood that Californians voted not for a Republican candidate, but for “The Terminator.”