October 22: Metropolitan Opera House and the Android Market Are Opened, and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events took place on October 22 in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: Philadelphia Campaign: The Battle of Red Bank
This battle is extremely interesting given that Americans didn’t even fight the Brits in it: Those were Hessians who they clashed with on the Delaware River. Hessians, in turn, were sent there by the British command to take the strategically important Fort Mercer.
Who were the Hessians? It was a common name used to describe all German mercenaries serving the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, yet only about 65% of them were actually from Hesse-Kassel and the Hesse-Hanau territories, while the others came from different small German states. For the most part, Hessians served as auxiliary forces, yet at times they had to step into the battlefield. The total number of Hessians who fought in America exceeded 30,000 soldiers, or almost a quarter of all British troops deployed to combat American patriots.
In this particular battle, the Hessians suffered a humiliating defeat, as 1,200 of them were beaten by just 400 Americans. German mercenaries lost no less than 82 soldiers, with 228 wounded, and 60 captured, and their commander Colonel Carl Donop was severely wounded during the battle and died on October 25, while the Americans, under the command of Colonel Christopher Greene and Commodore John Hazelwood, only had 14 killed and 23 wounded.
1883 – Metropolitan Opera House opens
The five-act opera Faust written by notable French composer Charles Gounod was the first to be performed at the newly-opened Metropolitan Opera House on 39th Street (Broadway) in New York. Due to its demolition in 1967, the Metropolitan Opera House is sometimes also referred to as “the old Met.”
With the nickname of “The Yellow Brick Brewery” (given for its industrial looking exterior), the original Metropolitan Opera House was designed by J. Cleaveland Cady. Unfortunately, less than nine years after the premiere of Faust, August 27, 1892, the Opera House was gutted by fire, and the next theatrical season of 1892-1893 was cancelled.
With a seating capacity of 3,625 people along with 223 standing room spots, “the old Met” was one of the most important theatres not only in New York, but in the U.S. in general, with a number of famous musicians performing there over the 84 years of its original existence.
2008 – Android Market opens
A true revolution in communications happened ten years ago, as the first smartphone running Google’s Android operating system, the T-Mobile G1, also known as the HTC Dream, went on sale in the U.S.
For the past seven years, Android has been the best-selling smartphone operating system worldwide, and it has been the most popular OS for tablets over the past five years.
The number of active Android users, as of May 2017, was over two billion worldwide, and there is no doubt the current number of Android users is far higher. Android has also managed to become the largest installed base of any operating system, since as of this June the Google Play store has more than 3.3 million apps in it.
The mascot for the Android Operating System is a green android robot. Interesting fact: although the robot doesn’t have an official name, the Android team employees call it “Bugdroid.” So now you know the name of one of the most recognizable icons in the IT-world.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on October 22, at least in our view.