October 26: Three Key Events of the American Revolution, the USA PATRIOT Act Is Passed, and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events took place on October 26 in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1774-1775-1776 – Three key events of the American Revolution
October 26 marks three key events for the newly-founded American state, occurring three years in a row from 1774 to 1776.
On this date back in 1774, the First Continental Congress, which would become the governing body of the U.S. during the Revolution, ended its work in Philadelphia. The Congress consisted of fifty-six delegates from twelve out of the thirteen colonies (Georgia was the only future state that didn’t take part in the First Continental Congress).
The Congress was convened in response to the Intolerable Acts that were passed by Great Britain’s Parliament the same year, and the delegates agreed to organize an economic boycott of the metropolis. They also petitioned King George III for a redress of grievances. Among those who gathered at the First Continental Congress were future Founding Fathers of the U.S. George Washington, Patrick Henry, and John Adams
On this date back in 1775, exactly a year after the First Continental Congress ended its work, King George III went before the British Parliament to state that the thirteen American colonies were in rebellion, and thus the decision was made to send the British Army to suppress the insurgents.
On this date back in 1776, one of the Founding Fathers of America, political theorist, philosopher, scientist, and inventor Benjamin Franklin went to France to seek support to counteract Great Britain, which eventually led to significant French military and economic support given to the rebels.
2001 –USA PATRIOT Act is passed
The USA PATRIOT Act was an Act of Congress signed into law by President George W. Bush 17 years ago.
“USA PATRIOT” is an acronym for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism,” thought up by Chris Cylke, who previously served as a staff member for the House Judiciary Committee.
The Act was developed as the state’s response to the brutal terrorist attacks of September 11 and the anthrax attacks of the same year. Under these circumstances, Congress swiftly passed legislation to strengthen national security, launching the new era of the War on Terror, thus ending the 20th century from the historical point of view.
Three days earlier, on October 23, 2001, Republican representative Jim Sensenbrenner introduced H.R. 3162 incorporating provisions from a previously-sponsored House bill and a Senate bill also introduced earlier in the month. The very next day, the Act was passed in the House by a vote of 357–66.
The majority of the opposition came from the Democrats. The only three Republicans to vote “no” were Robert Ney of Ohio, Butch Otter of Idaho, and Ron Paul of Texas. On October 25, 2001, the USA PATRIOT Act was passed by Senate with a vote of 98–1, with the lone dissenting voice being Russ Feingold—a Democratic representative of Wisconsin. The Act was eventually put into an effect this day 17 years ago — October 26, 2001.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on October 26, at least in our view.