November 7: Battle of Tippecanoe, the beginning of the Great Lakes Storm, and other events of the date
A number of important events have taken place on November 7in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1811 – Indian Wars: The Battle of Tippecanoe
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought near what is now Battle Ground, Indiana, and was a part of the Indian Wars in the Northeast. It was fought between the Americans led by the Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison and the Native Americans under the command of notable Tecumseh Chief Tecumseh. Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa (alsoknown as "The Prophet"), who led the Indians into the battlefield, were the leaders of the Confederacy of Native Americans of a number of different tribes who tried to stop U.S. expansion in their lands.
The tensions between the Americans and Indians led to the violent clash, as Governor Harrison marched with an army of about 1,000 men to smash the headquarters of the Confederacyat Prophetstown, located near the confluence of the Tippecanoe and Wabash Rivers.
The U.S. managed to achieve tactical victory in this battle suffering the losses of at least 63 killed and 126 wounded; while Native Americans losses are still unknown, they likely lost about the same number of men.
1861 – American Civil War: The Battle of Belmont
Fifty years after the Battle of Tippecanoe, Americans fought one another in the severe Battle of Belmont as the Civil War was gaining momentum. This battle was the first for prominentAmerican Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, who would later become Union Army General-in-Chief and, eventually, president. His opponent in the Missouri Battle was Confederate Major General Leonidas Polk.
In the beginning of the battle, General Grant moved by riverboat from Cairo, Illinois, in order to attack a small Confederacy outpost near the town of Belmont, Missouri, right across the Mississippi River from the important Confederate stronghold at Columbus, Kentucky.
The Union Army landed on the Missouri side and started marching towards Belmont, destroying the Confederates’ camp in an immediate clash. Even despite the fact that theConfederates managed to get reinforcements and reorganize their regiments, Grant smashed them once again, bringing victory to the Union.
Both sides suffered approximately equal losses, as the Union Army lost 120 killed and 383 wounded, along with 104 either captured or missing in action, and the Confederates lost 105 killed, 419 wounded, and 117 captured or missing.
1913 – The Beginning of the Great Lakes Storm
This disaster is often referred to by historians as the “Big Blow,”“The Freshwater Fury,” or “The White Hurricane.” In fact, 105 years ago a true tragedy occurred in the region neighboring Canada.
This was the most destructive and deadliest of all natural disasters ever in U.S. history, killing more than 250 people and bringing no less than $5 million dollars of damage to locals.
From a climate point of view, the storm was an extratropical cyclone that appeared as the convergence of two major storm fronts, fueled by the Great Lakes' warm water, as the storm produced wind gusts of a speed of 90 mph and 36 ft.-highwaves.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on November 7, at least in our view.