November 15: Sherman's March to the Sea, the Death of Harry Turner, and other events of the date
A number of important events have taken place on November 15th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1864 – American Civil War: The beginning of the Sherman’s March to the Sea
By late 1864 the situation on the fronts of the American Civil War were strongly in favor of the Union as they defeated the Confederates in a number of key battles, including the Battle of Vicksburg (May 18 – July 4, 1863; the battle that split the territory of the Confederate States of America into two parts) and the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863; which was the last major attempt of prominent Confederate General Robert E. Lee to move the conflict out of Virginia).
Thus, the fate of the Confederacy was nearly decided.
Sherman’s March to the Sea eventually crashed the Confederates, leaving them no chances to win the war at all. The campaign that lasted more than a month began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15, 1864 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21 of the same year.
Sherman’s forces followed a "scorched earth" policy during the march, destroying military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property and annihilating the Confederacy's economy and its transportation networks itself, as more than 60,000 Union soldiers took part in this campaign, opposed by just about 12,000 Confederates.
1914 – The Death of Harry Turner
Harry Turner was a professional football player who was a part of the Canton Professionals team in the era before the NFL was established. The team's center, Harry Turner was with the Pros from around 1911 until his death in 1914. His death was tragic as it was the first ever game-related death in the history of American professional sports.
Tragedy struck near the end of the season when Turner was severely injured during a game against their rivals Akron Indians on November 15, 1914.
The accident happened during a tackle on Akron's player Joe Collins, as Turner's back was fractured and his spinal cord was completely severed. According to Canton manager Jack Cusack, who was with Turner when he died, his last words were "I know I must go, but I'm satisfied, for we beat the Indians."
1926 – NBC Radio established
NBC is a media giant and part of the mainstream media, often telling lies to the people and manipulating the public opinion, yet, we have to mention that NBC Radio was one of the first stations established in the era when this means of mass communication was dominant in the U.S.
In less than two months, starting from January 1, 1927, NBC formally divided its respective marketing strategies for radio broadcasting, creating a “Red” and “Blue” network.
The "Red Network" was aimed at broadcasting commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming, while the "Blue Network" for the most part carried sustaining – or non-sponsored – broadcasts, especially news and cultural programs. As many historians think, the color designations for those two networks had its roots in the color of the pushpins NBC engineers used to designate affiliate radio stations of WEAF (red) and WJZ (blue).
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on November 15th, at least in our view.