November 22nd: President Kennedy Assassinated, Max Headroom Broadcast Signal Intrusion and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events have taken place on November 22nd in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1963 – The assassination of the U.S. President John Kennedy
The tragedy that gave birth to various conspiracies and still remains as one of the greatest mysteries of American history happened in Dallas, Texas, exactly 55 years ago, as the 35th President of the United States and the youngest man to be elected as U.S. president as well as being the first (and only) Roman Catholic to occupy that office, was shot dead by a sniper while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. John Kennedy became the fourth American president killed while in office after Abraham Lincoln (1865), James A. Garfield (1881) and William McKinley (1901).
Kennedy was, allegedly, fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald who was waiting in ambush at a building nearby, yet, it’s still a matter of argument, as many people are convinced he couldn’t act alone and probably was supported by some other group of interest.
Who could it be? The versions are different, for instance – that would be the White Supremacists or some KKK-supporters, as they didn’t want to see a Catholic as the President of the U.S. Nevertheless, the Warren Commission established to investigate the assassination of Kennedy, concluded that Oswald acted alone.
Oswald was arrested by the Dallas Police Department shortly after the shooting, and then - charged under Texas state law with the murder of Kennedy as well as that of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit, who had been shot some time after the assassination.
Next Sunday, at around 11 a.m., the American media covered Oswald’s transfer to the Dallas County Jail, showing the nation who the murderer of the President was. During this broadcast Oswald was fatally shot himself by Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby, which, of course, only contributed to the high level of conspiracy surrounding the assassination.
1987 - Max Headroom broadcast signal intrusion
Long before the rumours and the “witch-hunt” against the foreign hackers and the ongoing talks on the extent of influence they had on the results of the Presidential election started in the U.S., some real American-born hackers (yet, they never were identified) hijacked the signal of local TV-stations in Chicago, Illinois, scaring both the employees of these channels and the audience.
The intruder successfully interrupted two broadcast television stations within the course of three hours. The first incident took place for 25 seconds during the sportscast on the 9:00 PM news on WGN-TV Channel 9, the second episode occurred two hours later, after 11:00 PM on PBS affiliate WTTW Channel 11 for about 90 seconds during a broadcast of an episode of the Doctor Who serial “Horror of Fang Rock.”
Interesting, the second pirate broadcast, which lasted less than two minutes and was pre-recorded on videotape, featured the individual parodying WGN and American television in general, as one of the hackers rambled on making reference to Headroom's endorsement of Coke, the series Clutch Cargo, and WGN anchor Chuck Swirsky.
1995 – The “Toy Story” cartoon is released
Beloved both by the American youngsters as well as by the kids all over the world, “Toy Story” marked the beginning of the computer-made cartoon revolution, as it was the first feature-length film to be entirely computer-animated, as well as the first feature film screened by Pixar.
The screenplay was written by Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen, and Alec Sokolow and was based on a story by Lasseter, Pete Docter, Stanton, and Joe Ranft. A number of prominent American actors, such as Tom Hanks, Tim Allen and Don Rickles voiced the cartoon, the scenery of which took place in a world where anthropomorphic toys come to life without any real people present.
The plot of “Toy Story” focused on the relationship between an old-fashioned pull string cowboy doll Woody and an astronaut action figure Buzz Lightyear as they evolved from being rivals competing for the affections of their owner, Andy, to true friends.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on November 22nd, at least in our view.