November 26th: The National Hockey League Is Founded; George W. Bush Is Certified the Winner of the Presidential Race and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events have taken place on November 26th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1917 – The National Hockey League is founded
There had been numerous attempts to gather all the strongest hockey teams of North America into one league, yet, they all failed before November 26, 1917, when the National Hockey League was organized.
The original four teams were Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs, and two of them, the Canadiens and the Senators (yet, only the title of the latter team was left to them after the reorganizations took place in 1954 and 1992) –they still play there!
Being the members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL) in our era, the Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup 24 times, which is more than any other franchise in the history of the NHL.
Hockey itself continued to evolve during the first years of the NHL’s existence. Numerous innovations to the rules and equipment were put forward as the NHL sought to improve the flow of the game and make the sport more fan-friendly.
The NHL played with the idea of six men to a side rather than the traditional seven, and was among the first leagues to allow goaltenders to leave their feet to make saves. The NHL's footprint spread across Canada as Foster Hewitt's radio broadcasts were heard coast-to-coast starting in 1933.
2000 – The U.S. Presidential Election: George W. Bush is certified the winner of the Presidential race in Florida
The U.S. Presidential campaign of 2000 was one of the most controversial campaigns in U.S. History, and many historians, political scientists and ordinary people still think the representatives of the Democratic Party, Al Gore, clearly won it, beating the Republican George W. Bush not only by the popular vote count (Al Gore received 50.999 million votes, whilst Bush only managed to get 50.456 million), but in terms of electoral votes as well (he eventually lost with the result of 271-266 in favor of George W. Bush).
Much conspiracy has been heard for the past 18 years about what really happened at the end of November in Florida, where the fate of the campaign was decided in a very uncertain way. On November 26, 2000 the state canvassing board certified Bush the winner of Florida's electors by a very tiny margin of 537 votes. Gore formally contested the certified results.
A state of Florida court decision overruling Gore was later reversed by the Florida Supreme Court, which ordered a recount of over 70000 ballots previously rejected as “undervotes” by machine counters. The U.S. Supreme Court halted that order the next day, with Justice Scalia issuing a concurring opinion that "the counting of votes that are of questionable legality does in my view threaten irreparable harm to petitioner" (who George W. Bush was).
It took George W. Bush a bit more than two weeks to “convince” the Supreme Court that all future recounts of the ballots would be unconstitutional, so he became the 43rd President of the United States.
2011 – NATO attack in Pakistan
When it comes to NATO the first thing one usually thinks of - is the word “aggression.” No matter what place on the planet some army is deployed, NATO would never miss a chance to attack it, and that’s exactly what happened on this date 7 years ago, as NATO troops attacked Pakistani ones at Salala, Baizai Tehsil, Mohmand Agency, FATA, Pakistan.
This aggression is now often now referred to as a border skirmish that occurred when US-led NATO forces engaged Pakistani security forces at two Pakistani military checkposts along the Afghanistan–Pakistan border on Saturday, November 26, 2011. The invasion occurred when two NATO Apache helicopters an AC-130 gunship and two F-15E Eagle fighter jets entered by varying estimates as little as 200 meters or up to to 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles), into the Pakistani border area of Salala at around 2 a.m. local time. The invaders came from across the border in Afghanistan and opened fire at two border patrol check-posts, killing 28 Pakistani soldiers and wounding 12 others in a wild act of the aggression.
Interestingly, Pakistan had been considered to be by NATO in general and the U.S. in particular as an ally for a long time before this accident, yet, such a violation of international laws couldn’t be tolerated by Islamabad, thus mutual relations were harmed quite badly.
One should remember that Pakistan was an ally of the NATO! You might be the next victim of the Alliance’s aggression, no matter how friendly you behave towards it!
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on November 26th, at least in our view.