November 30th: The Battle of Franklin Is Fought, Seattle WTO Protests and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events have taken place on November 30th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1864 – American Civil War: Franklin–Nashville Campaign: the Battle of Franklin
This battle turned out to be one of the worst disasters for the Confederate forces throughout the whole Civil War and was fought near the town of Franklin, Tennessee.
During this clash Confederate General John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee conducted numerous frontal assaults against fortified positions of the Union forces under command of Major General John M. Schofield. Yet, as a result of severe fighting, they were unable either to break through, nor to prevent Schofield from executing a planned, orderly withdrawal to Nashville.
The Confederate assault of six infantry divisions containing eighteen brigades with 100 regiments numbering around 20000 men is also sometimes being referred to as the "Pickett's Charge of the West", and resulted in devastating losses to the men and the leadership of the Army of Tennessee, as fourteen Confederate generals (six killed, seven wounded, and one captured) and 55 regimental commanders were the casualties of it.
This was truly a dark day for the South. After its defeat against Major General George H. Thomas in the subsequent Battle of Nashville, the Army of Tennessee retreated with barely half the men with which it had begun the short offensive, and was effectively destroyed as a fighting force for the remainder of the war.
The overall number of casualties proves this was a true disaster for the Confederates, as they lost no less than 1750 soldiers killed, 3800 wounded and 702 missing in action, while the Union forces only lost 189 killed, 1033 wounded and 1104 missing in action.
1942 – The Second World War: The Pacific Theater: Battle of Tassafaronga
This battle is also sometimes referred to as the Fourth Battle of Savo Island or, in Japanese sources, as the Battle of Lunga Point. The battle was a nighttime naval clash that took place on this date exactly 76 years ago between United States (US) Navy and Imperial Japanese Navy warships during the Guadalcanal campaign and took place in Ironbottom Sound near the Tassafaronga area on Guadalcanal.
During the fight, a US warship force of five cruisers and four destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Carleton H. Wright attempted to surprise and destroy a Japanese warship force of eight destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Raizo Tanaka.
Tanaka's warships were attempting to deliver food to Japanese forces on Guadalcanal. Using radar, the US warships gained surprise, opened fire, and sank one of the Japanese destroyers, which marked the initial success of the operation.
Tanaka and the rest of his ships, in turn, reacted immediately, by launching numerous Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at the US warships, most of which – hit the targets. For instance, the Japanese torpedoes hit and sank one US cruiser and heavily damaged three others, enabling the rest of Tanaka's force to escape with no significant additional damage but also without completing the intended supply mission.
The result of the battle was tactical Japanese victory, yet, the main battles on the Pacific were yet to be fought.
1999 – Seattle WTO Protests
This series of protests is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Seattle. The protests were surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999, when members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) convened at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in Seattle, Washington 19 years ago on this date. The Conference was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations.
Bad for them, the negotiations were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests outside the hotels and the Washington State Convention and Trade Center. The protests were nicknamed "N30", akin to J18 and similar mobilizations. The Anti-globalization movement, Direct Action Network, different kinds of NGOs and Labor unions were the organizers of the protests.
The demonstrations were really large scale ones as around 40000 protesters gathered in Seattle to counter globalization and related issues, which were witnessed by the whole world.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on November 30th, at least in our view.