December 4th: The end of Operation Long Patrol, Thomas Fire and other events of the date
A number of important events have taken place on December 4th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1942 – The Second World War: Pacific Theater: Operation Long Patrol
The operation which might also be referred to as Carlson’s Patrol or Carlson’s Long Patrol was a series of battles conducted by the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion under the command of Evans Carlson during the Guadalcanal Campaign against the Imperial Japanese Army.
The operation lasted for about a month, beginning on November 6, 1942 and ended December 4th. During the Long Patrol the 2nd Raiders attacked forces under the command of Toshinari Shoji, which were escaping from an attempted encirclement in the Koli Point area on Guadalcanal and attempting to rejoin other Japanese army units on the opposite side of the U.S. Lunga perimeter, thus this battle was quite important, despite the relatively small amount of enemy soldiers killed by the U.S. Marines.
In a series of small unit engagements over 29 days, the 2nd Raiders killed almost 500 Japanese soldiers while suffering only 16 killed, although many were afflicted by disease. The raiders also captured a Japanese field gun that was delivering harassing fire on Henderson Field, the Allied airfield at Lunga Point on Guadalcanal. Non-battle casualties of American forces totaled 225, of which 125 were caused by malaria, 29 from dysentery, and 71 from ringworm or jungle rot. Most of the remaining raiders were also suffering some type of physical ailment. Nonetheless, the victory was achieved.
2006 – The Jena Six High School incident
Racism – is truly a two-sided thing, and the narrative of White Supremacy might easily be substituted by the racial hatred practiced by Blacks, and the case of Jena Six – is proof of this thesis. The Jena Six were six black teenagers in a town of Jena, Louisiana, convicted in the 2006 for the beating of Justin Barker, a white student at the local High School, which they also attended.
Barker was injured on this date twelve years ago, by the members of the Jena Six, and received treatment at an emergency room. While the case was pending, it was often cited by some media commentators as an example of racial injustice in the United States. Some commentators believed that the defendants had been charged initially with too-serious offenses and had been treated unfairly. Yet, these were primarily only rumours spread by left-wingers and liberals, who didn’t want to face the fact that racism can go both ways.
The six students arrested during the investigation of the assault on Barker were Robert Bailey, then aged 17; Mychal Bell, 16; Carwin Jones, 18; Bryant Purvis, 17; Jesse Ray Beard, 14; and Theo Shaw, then 17. Mychal Bell was initially convicted as an adult of aggravated battery and conspiracy to commit aggravated battery however his convictions were overturned on the grounds that he should have been tried as a juvenile. Before a retrial in juvenile court, Bell pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of simple battery. The other five defendants later pleaded "no contest" to the same offense, and were convicted. This event also spurred numerous protests against Black racism in the U.S.
2017 – The Thomas Fire
This event has already become history, yet – it happened just a year ago. The Thomas Fire was one of the worst wildfires in the history of both California and the U.S. It burned approximately 281,893 acres (440 sq mi; 114,078 ha), becoming the largest wildfire in modern California history by that time (since surpassed by the Ranch Fire, part of the Mendocino Complex in August 2018), before it was fully contained on January 12, 2018.
The Thomas Fire destroyed at least 1,063 structures, while damaging 280 others; and the fire caused over $2.2 billion (2018 USD) in damages, including $230 million in suppression costs, becoming the seventh-most destructive wildfire in state history. As of August 2018, the Thomas Fire is California's eighth-most destructive wildfire. Ventura's agriculture industry suffered at least $171 million dollars in losses due to the Thomas Fire.
The death toll was relatively low, as 1 firefighter and 22 civilian were killed during Thomas Fire however as recent events have shown the problem of wildfires is still one of the key ones California has to tackle.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on December 4th, at least in our view.