December 6th: the Roosevelt Corollary, the U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as capital of Israel and other events of the date
A number of important events have taken place on December 6th in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them.
1846 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of San Pasqual
As history always repeats itself, we can’t avoid mentioning the battle that took place more than 170 years ago at the border of present-day Southern California and the country of Mexico, in the San Pasqual Valley, which is now a part of San Diego. As the caravan of migrants is storming “the wall” in the same place today, we should remember the real battles that were also fought there.
According to British historian Geoffrey Regan, “it had been a thoroughly bad battle from the American point of view. It has been claimed in Kearny's defense that because Pico abandoned the field the Americans were thereby victorious, but it is a ridiculous assertion”.
Thus the series of military skirmishes ended with both sides claiming victory, and the victor of the battle is still debated. On December 6th and December 7, 1846, General Stephen W. Kearny's US Army of the West, along with a small detachment of the California Battalion led by a Marine Lieutenant, engaged a small contingent of Californios and their Presidial Lancers Los Galgos (The Greyhounds), led by Major Andrés Pico.
After U.S. reinforcements arrived, Kearny's troops were able to reach San Diego. The casualties from the both sides were relatively small, though, as the Americans suffered the loss of 17 killed and 13 wounded, while the Mexican forces lost 12 wounded and 1 captured.
1904 – The Roosevelt Corollary
For the most part of the 20th Century history the U.S. had been the country that intervened, meddled in elections and simply annihilated governments that didn’t fit the agenda of Washington. From this point of view the Roosevelt Corollary of 1904 was one of the key events that led to the creation of such an invasive kind of doctrine.
The Corollary was voiced out loud during the State of the Union address of the same year and directly following the political crisis in Venezuela. The roots of the Corollary, of course, can easily be found in the previously dominant Monroe doctrine.
“All that this country desires is to see the neighboring countries stable, orderly, and prosperous. Any country whose people conduct themselves well can count upon our hearty friendship. If a nation shows that it knows how to act with reasonable efficiency and decency in social and political matters, if it keeps order and pays its obligations, it need fear no interference from the United States. Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power…”
Just look at that unbelievable demonstration of American political arrogance! “Chronic wrongdoing,” “an impotence,” “a general loosening of the ties of civilized society” – these are the phrases used in the Roosevelt Corollary regarding neighboring states! Unfortunately, 114 years after the Corollary was made, Washington warhawks still think of other countries in a similar way, yet, Teddy Roosevelt, in comparison, was a good President and only threatened Latin American countries, unlike his modern-day “colleagues” who could easily “bomb into the stone age” any state in the world.
2017 – United States recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel
A true media bomb exploded a year ago, as President Trump announced his decision to recognize Jerusalem as capital of Israel, despite the fact for the cast majority countries in the world the capital of Israel is Tel Aviv.
Of course, this decision was welcomed by the Jewish community of the U.S., as well as by Israelites, as most of them had always considered the sacred city of three world religions to be the capital of Israel, yet, the Arabian part of the state never tolerated Trump’s decision, as numerous demonstrations of protests were launched right after the decision regarding “the relocation of the embassy” was made.
Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital was rejected by a majority of world leaders. The United Nations Security Council held an emergency meeting on December 7th where 14 out of 15 members condemned Trump's decision, but the motion was vetoed by the United States. Even some loyal American allies, such as Britain, France, Sweden, Italy and Japan were among the countries who criticized Trump's decision at the emergency meeting. However there also were countries that supported the move: Guatemala said that they will follow up and also relocate their embassy; Paraguay, the Czech Republic, Romania and Honduras said that they were considering relocation.
Despite being extremely controversial, the final decision was made, so the US embassy was officially opened in Jerusalem on May 14, 2018, coinciding with the 70th anniversary of the Israeli Declaration of Independence. The location of the relocated embassy is at the former site of its consulate general in the Arnona neighborhood, in West Jerusalem.
These are the most notable events in U.S. history that occurred on December 6th, at least in our view.