February 4: Montgomery Convention Is Signed, Facebook Is Founded, and Other Events of the Date
A number of important events have taken place on February 4 in U.S. history. Here is our take on the most interesting and valuable of them
1861 – American Civil War: Montgomery Convention is signed
On February 4, 1861 the possibility of civil war between the North and South heightened with the signing of the Montgomery Convention. The war between the North and the South soon became practically inevitable. So what happened on this date in the capital of Alabama? The so-called Provisional Congress of the Confederate States was established as a result of this convention.
The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States was a congress of deputies and delegates called together from the Southern states that became the governing body of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America (CSA) from February 4, 1861, to February 17, 1862. It sat in Montgomery, Alabama, until May 20, 1861, when it adjourned to meet in Richmond, Virginia, on July 20, 1861. It added new members as other states seceded and directed the election on November 6, 1861, at which a permanent government was elected.
The first session of the Provisional Congress was held in Montgomery from February 4, 1861, to March 16, 1861. Members from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas were present – these were the first “independent” states. It drafted a provisional constitution and set up a government. For president and vice-president, it selected Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia.
1899 – Philippine-American War: the Battle of Manila
We recently covered the Battle of Manila that was fought during the Second World War, and indeed – the modern-day capital of the Philippines has seen numerous military actions throughout its complicated history.
The Battle of Manila of 1899 was actually the first and largest battle of the Philippine–American War, fought on February 4–5, 1899, between 19,000 American soldiers and 15,000 Filipino-armed militiamen. The Americans started implementing their brand-new doctrine of expansion in the Pacific; the Filipinos tried their best to preserve independence but didn’t succeed: This was a story quite typical for U.S. foreign policy and a well-known approach to it nowadays.
Armed conflict broke out when American troops, under orders to turn away insurgents from their encampment, fired upon an encroaching group of Filipinos. Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo attempted to broker a ceasefire, but American General Elwell Stephen Otis rejected it and fighting escalated the next day. It ended in an American victory, although minor skirmishes continued for several days afterward.
2004 – Facebook is founded
Apart from being extremely politically biased and blocking accounts of news outlets that don’t follow the liberal agenda of the mainstream American media, serving the Deep State, Facebook, Inc. is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California. It was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes. It is now considered one of the Big Four technology companies along with Amazon, Apple, and Google.
The founders initially limited the website's membership to Harvard students and subsequently Columbia, Stanford, and Yale students. Membership was eventually expanded to the remaining Ivy League schools, MIT, and higher education institutions in the Boston area. Facebook gradually added support for students at various other universities, and eventually to high school students. Since 2006, anyone who claims to be at least 13 years old has been allowed to become a registered user of Facebook, though variations exist in this requirement, depending on local laws.
The name of the network comes from the ”face book” directories often given to American university students. Facebook held its initial public offering (IPO) in February 2012, valuing the company at $104 billion, the largest valuation to date for a newly listed public company. It began selling stock to the public three months later. Facebook makes most of its revenue from advertisements.
These are the most notable events in the U.S. history that occurred on February 4, at least in our view.