Suicide Rates Are Up by 30 Percent Since 1999 in the USA
WASHINGTON — June 8, 2018
Only half of people who died by suicide had diagnosed mental health conditions, according to federal health officials reports.
Nearly 45,000 people died by suicide in 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention team found. Overall, there were 13 suicides per 100,000 people in 2014 — up from 10.5 per 100,000 in 1999. Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among children and young adults aged 10 to 24. In 2012, more than 5,000 teens and young adults committed suicide.
These data is also regularly published by the CDC. Depression now is thought to be the major cause of suicide.
“From 1999 to 2015, suicide rates increased among sexes, all racial/ethnic groups, and all urbanization levels,” the CDC researchers wrote in their report.
In simple terms, we might be able to protect people who are predictably at risk against stress-induced disorders like depression and PTSD.
This week, we have seen suicide of fashion designer Kate Spade, 55. This was unexpected news for us. Some Americans scholars make wonder now if certain groups, such as middle-age women, may be more at risk.
“Kate Spade left an indelible mark on the fashion industry and her inspiring life and work will be missed. We lost a true visionary today. My heart goes out to her family and to all she has touched. We really unexpected” wrote designer Mr. Kenneth Cole on his Twitter.
"Middle-aged adults had the largest number of suicides and a particularly high increase in suicide rates. These findings are disturbing," said CDC principal deputy director Dr. Anne Schuchat.
They concluded almost no group is exempt from the rise in suicide rates, except people over age 75.
“Unfortunately, the suicide rates went up more than 30 percent in every state since 1999.”
The only exception is Nevada. But it has already long had one of the highest suicide rates in the country.
Suicide rates increased the most in some Western and Midwestern states, including Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, North and South Dakota and Minnesota, as well as Kansas and Oklahoma.
Firearms were the most common method used. They were used in nearly half of all suicides and in 55 percent of the cases where there was no known mental health condition.
According to CDC team's statistics, most common suicide causes are
- 42% had a relationship problem
- 28% had substance abuse issues
- 16% had job or financial problems
- 29% had some kind of crisis
- 22% had a physical health issue
- 9% had a criminal legal problem
The CDC had policy advice for ways to help.
All of this may be in part because it’s so difficult to get mental health care, said Dr. Jack Rozel, a medical director of the Allegheny crisis services facility in Pittsburgh and a president-elect of the American Association for Emergency Psychiatry.
“I run a major crisis center. We have 150 staff. We provide almost 150,000 services every year,” Rozel, who as well is a psychiatry professor at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, said.
He added that States has to help ease unemployment and housing stress by providing temporary help.Health care systems can offer treatment options by phone or online where services are not widely available. Communities can offer programs and events to increase a sense of belonging among residents. Schools can teach students skills to manage challenges like relationship and school problems.