The 4th Of July. This Day In History
On this day, July 4
1776: The Declaration of Independence is adopted by delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence, which proclaims the independence of the United States of America from Great Britain and its king.
The declaration came 442 days after the first volleys of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts and marked an ideological expansion of the conflict that would eventually encourage France’s intervention on behalf of the Patriots.
The first major American opposition to British policy came in 1765 after Parliament passed the Stamp Act, a taxation measure to raise revenues for a standing British army in America. Under the banner of “no taxation without representation,” colonists convened the Stamp Act Congress in October 1765 to vocalize their opposition to the tax.
With its enactment in November, most colonists called for a boycott of British goods, and some organized attacks on the customhouses and homes of tax collectors. After months of protest in the colonies, Parliament voted to repeal the Stamp Act in March 1766.
USReally offers to remember what else specific events happened on this day in the history of the United Stated.
- 1802: The United States Military Academy officially opens at West Point, New York.
- 1826: Fifty years to the day after the Declaration of Independence was adopted, former presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both die.
- 1855: Walt Whitman’s first edition of the self-published "Leaves of Grass" is printed, containing a dozen poems.
- 1863: The Confederate General John C. Pemberton surrenders to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
- 1910: In what is billed as "The Fight of the Century," black world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson defeats white former champ James J. Jeffries in Reno, Nev.
- 1939: Lou Gehrig delivers his famous farewell speech in which he called himself "the luckiest man on the face of the Earth."
- 1987: Klaus Barbie, the former Gestapo chief known as the "Butcher of Lyon", is convicted by a French court of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison.
- 1997: NASA's Pathfinder spacecraft lands on Mars, inaugurating a new era in the search for life on the red planet.
- 2017: The United States confirms that North Korea had launched an intercontinental ballistic missile, as the North had boasted and the U.S. and South Korea had feared.